Sean Sheppard, a psychologist at the University of Utah and lead researcher for the now-retracted article, told The Washington Times last week that his survey method of a randomly selected 180 veterans enabled him to uncover the true rate of male sexual assault.
The APA retraction said military sexual trauma was broadly defined in the journal articles and included sexual assault, sexual battery or repeated, threatening sexual harassment experienced during military service.
But in Mr. Sheppard’s survey questionnaire, male sexual trauma equaled, “I was sexually assaulted while serving in the military.”
The Pentagon and the Justice Department define sexual assault as rape or other unwanted sexual contact or a threat to commit such an assault.
The Rand Corp., which conducted the Pentagon’s latest sexual assault survey, found that 12,000 military men said they were sexually assault